They have not been selected for traits that promote rapid weight gain and milk production. These conditions can occur after horses eat affected clover either fresh or as hay. Fescue infected with the endophyte Neotyphodium coenophialum produces chemicals toxic to horses. © Copyright 2020 Kentucky Equine Research. Click here to get started.. While the lower relative nutrition level of grass hay makes it a good filler, it does have relatively more carbohydrates. Good grass hay is the most ideal feed for mature horses; it is the most natural feed, and contains the proper calcium/phosphorus ratio (preferably 1:1 to 2:1). Note: Some horses find it palatable, but others would “rather starve.” Return to our list of hay types for more details. Productive, well-managed pastures can provide most of the feed requirements of horses for the least cost. Nos partenaires et nous-mêmes stockerons et/ou utiliserons des informations concernant votre appareil, par l’intermédiaire de cookies et de technologies similaires, afin d’afficher des annonces et des contenus personnalisés, de mesurer les audiences et les contenus, d’obtenir des informations sur les audiences et à des fins de développement de produit. The equine digestive system is designed to extract nutrients from grass. It should never be fed to breeding mares. Benefits: Grass hay is lower in protein and energy than legume hay — but it’s also higher in fiber, which can make it a good choice for many horses. Cutting tall fescue hay to leave a 3-inch stubble has long been recommended to help improve the persistence of a hayfield stand. Most of the highly digestible nutrients in forages are present in the leafy part of the forage. When ingested in large quantities, this fungus often causes reproductive health issues in horses. Endophyte-free varieties of Tall Fescue Grass were developed, but they suffered from reduced plant hardiness and survival. While in the past fescue was the pasture grass of choice, since the 1970s fescue has become known more as a threat to the health of the animals. Though tall fescue should be avoided on certain horse operations, especially those catering specifically to breeding and foaling, its widespread use on other horse farms speaks volumes for its value as a forage. For horses, grass hay or a legume/grass hay mix is the best choice. Two primary factors that influence forage quality are nutrient concentration and nutrient digestibility. The hay should be cut early and be leafy, green, and free of mold, dust, and foreign matter, such as weeds and stubble. Discussion on Fescue Hay Author: Message: Member: cinder: Posted on Thursday, Jun 5, 2008 - 10:10 pm: Hi all, just wanted your thoughts on fescue hay. In horses, vitamin A helps with cell growth and healing and is important for vision, particularly at night. Squirreltail Grass A horse’s protein and energy requirements depend on age, stage of development, metabolism and workload. Yep, getting a nutrient test done is the only way to know what is or isn't in your hay because it varies greatly by region. The stems are thin and flexible, and it has a high fibre content. “Endophyte-infected tall fescue, especially the seeds, contains specific chemicals called ergot alkaloids produced by the fungus,” explained Kathleen Crandell, Ph.D., a nutritionist with. To access member-exclusive content on our website, you must login. Clover can be a good feed source for most horses because it provides useful energy and adequate protein and fiber. When we use it with horses, however, we must be very careful to use the right kind. In horses, vitamin A helps with cell growth and healing and is important for vision, particularly at night. Raise the cutting height to 3 inches. (Values are based on five years of data from Equi-Analytical Laboratories’ web site.) This fungus grows and lives in contaminated fescue and when ingested by your horse, toxicity will develop. This means that grass hay, not alfalfa hay, is a more dangerous food for an obese horse, or a horse with laminitis concerns. Fescue has gained much attention over the last couple decades for its sometimes detrimental effects on pregnant mares when it is infected with an endophyte fungus. Normal horses can tolerate NSC levels of 20% or higher. First time logging in? All horses need fiber in their diet and some of it must be the form of long hay. Horse owners have several options when it comes to selecting forages in order to provide good nutrition to their animals. One of the options is to feed hay. I would feed anything else first. High endophyte fescue pastures are tough on grazing cattle during late spring/early summer. Horses should be removed from the kleingrass source, put on good-quality hay, and kept out of the sunlight. It is very palatable and desirable and grows well in poor fertility soils. While grass hay is lower in protein and calcium it is still a great source of feed for most horses. Welcome! Only crops infected with a fungus, called an endophyte, harm pregnant mares. Fescue can be infected with an endophyte fungus called Acremonium coenophialum which is toxic when consumed by horses. She is getting no grain, and she has never developed laminitis, inflammation of the soft connective tissues within the foot that can result from a variety … Fescue can be infected with an endophyte fungus called Acremonium coenophialum which is toxic when consumed by horses. Third cut hay is really soft and super leafy. (Values are based on five years of data from Equi-Analytical Laboratories’ web site.) Fescue toxicity has long been an issue for horses, sheep and cattle. Subscribe to Equinews and get the latest equine nutrition and health news delivered to your inbox. Almost all fescue has an undetectable fungus (endophyte) living in it that can cause serious health problems. Horses challenged by metabolic syndrome should be offered hays that are low in non-structural carbohydrates or NSC. Though it is considered a cool-season grass, it thrives in extreme conditions, including cold, heat, drought, and shade. © 2012 by John Hilty Tall fescue is a hardy, popular, cool season perennial grass that can grow on a variety of soils in a variety of climates. Fescue is used as a foraging crop because it stands up to repeated close grazing and grows vigorously at low temperatures. Fescue alkaloids can delay a mare's estrus cycle. Here are a few practices that can be used to lower the alkaloid level in tall fescue hay. Because of the well-documented problems with broodmares, some horsemen refuse to seed pastures with tall fescue and persist in eradicating it from established pastures, even on farms without broodmares. MaxQ Tall Fescue Grass - Safe For Horse Pastures & Hay. Pour autoriser Verizon Media et nos partenaires à traiter vos données personnelles, sélectionnez 'J'accepte' ou 'Gérer les paramètres' pour obtenir plus d’informations et pour gérer vos choix. Fescue has several characteristics which make it an excellent forage for a horse grazing management system. Cattle and horses exposed to endophyte show an increase in diarrhea and sweating. As many as 700,000 horses may graze fescue pastures or be fed fescue hay each year. Foaling after such as prolonged Tall fescue is an extremely hardy, well-adapted grass species used for hay and pasture in the central and eastern United States and the Pacific Northwest. When you’re first starting out with horses, the topic of hay can seem overwhelming. Good pasture alone is sufficient to meet all of the nutritional requirements for many classes of horses. Informations sur votre appareil et sur votre connexion Internet, y compris votre adresse IP, Navigation et recherche lors de l’utilisation des sites Web et applications Verizon Media. Yahoo fait partie de Verizon Media. MaxQ Tall Fescue Grass - Safe For Horse Pastures & Hay. Some people are recommending that insulin resistant horses not … It grows together with tall fescue and has a positive influence on fescue growth including defending the plant from pests. The carotene concentration in hay declines rapidly, especially when exposed to sunlight, and much of that loss occurs within the first three to six months of storage. But there’s another good reason to keep cutterbars above 3 inches. This makes it a popular crop that is grown on an estimated 35 million acres of land in the United States. 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