A party history in 1976 stated: the party struggles against imperialism, particularly American imperialism and its ally, Maoism, and is fighting alongside our brother parties, foremost among them the Leninist party of the Soviet Union. Da Afghanistan da khalq dimukratik gund) was a socialist party established on 1 January 1965. Stephen Gowans Afghanistan, Communism, People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia, Saur Revolution, Taliban, Women's Rights 9 Comments August 9, 2010 May 11, 2011 11 Minutes. Taraki was born in Nawa, Ghazni Province and graduated from Kabul University, after which he started his political career as a journalist. [56] However, the main problem facing the party was that it was not organized in the small villages scattering Afghanistan; out of an estimated 25,000 villages which existed in Afghanistan, the party was organized in an estimated 2,000. Thus, Afghanistan's foreign minis… [61] Half of the members in 1982, were in the armed forces (which was dominated by the Khalqists). The Khalqs accused the Parchams of allegiance to King Mohammed Zahir Shah because their newspaper, the Parcham, was tolerated by the king and therefore published from March 1968 – July 1969. [43] The party dropped the Marxist–Leninist ideology that had been held previously by the PDPA. Party flag The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) was a communist political party in Afghanistan that existed from 1965 to 1992. [8] Later on, Taraki established the first radical newspaper in Afghan history under the name The Khalq , the newspaper was eventually forced to stop publishing by the government in 1966. Bitter resentment between the Khalq and Parcham factions eventually led to the failure of the government of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan that was formed as a result of the Saur Revolution in 1978. [50] Of these 52 members, only three had held offices continuously through Taraki's, Amin's and Karmal's rule; they were Abdur Rashid Arian, Mohammed Ismail Danesh and Saleh Mohammad Zeary (often referred to as a Khalqist). [44], In 1991, the Soviet Union dissolved. For most of its existence, the party was split between the hardline "Khalq" and moderate "Parcham" factions. The Soviet troop withdrawal in late 1989 changed the political structure that had enabled the PDPA to stay in power all those years. The Khalqist wing of the party was made up primarily of Pashtuns from non-elite classes. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. [64], In 2003, the National United Party of Afghanistan registered - who seek to unite former People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) members. [57] For instance, in the period 1982–83 the governor of Faryab province only visited the province during the winter months, since the mujahideen withdrew their troops from the area during those months. Karmal was born in Kamari and educated at Kabul University. [50] The Central Committee now contained 36 members. Years later, when Karmal's inability to consolidate his government had become obvious, Mikhail Gorbachev, then General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party, said: [40]. afghan marxist political party; also called democratic party of the people of afghanistan. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Indeed especially as Pakistan is a nuclear power and can not be invaded. Encyclopedia.com. [15] After Daoud had seized power, he established Daoud's Republic of Afghanistan. Afghanistan, Organization of the Peoples Democratic Party of Afghanistan (Watan Party, … In May 1986, Karmal was replaced as party leader by Mohammad Najibullah, and six months later he was relieved of the presidency. Both parties were consistently pro-Soviet. [51] As in the CPSU, the Politburo was the main executive and legislative body of the PDPA when the congress, conference nor the Central Committee were in session. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. As E. E. Schattschneider famously asserted more than half a century ago, "Modern…, Wladislaw Gomulka [62] In 1983, Karmal claimed that party membership had grown 35 percent to 90,000, the following year it had allegedly grown 33 percent to 120,000 members. Parcham was the name of one of the factions of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan, formed in 1967 following its split. Its historical leaders were Presidents Nur Muhammad Taraki and Hafizullah Amin. https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/peoples-democratic-party-afghanistan, "People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan [62] After the Soviet intervention, the Soviets forced the PDPA to recruit more members; in 1981 the probationary period for a new member was reduced from one year to six months, and to join a person needed fewer party sponsors. [50] During Hafizullah Amin's short rule, September–December 1979, the Central Committee had at most 33 members, 12 of which were appointed by him. The party was founded in 1965 year and took power in country in April of 1978. On the 1 January 1965 Taraki with Babrak Karmal established the Democratic People's Party of Afghanistan, while at the beginning the party was running under the name People's Democratic Tendency, since there were no officially political party law in Afghanistan at that time. There are suggestions on the review page for improving the article. Under Karmal's leadership, the Parchamite PDPA participated in Mohammad Daoud Khan's rise to power in 1973, and his subsequent regime. Taraki and Babrak Karmal (the third PDPA Afghan President) had been frequent contacts of the Soviet Embassy in Afghanistan from the late 1950s. If you can improve it, please do; it may then be renominated. Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. PDPA may also refer to, For the communist party founded in 2004, see, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (. The main reason that there has been no national consolidation so far is that Comrade Karmal is hoping to continue sitting in Kabul with our help. [62] The 1981–83 recruitment drive increased party membership; the majority of the new members worked either in state-owned enterprises, the military. [28]. However, the date of retrieval is often important. The PDPA was founded by Nur Muhammad Taraki and Babrak Karmal, and the party helped former Prime Minister Mohammed Daoud Khan with overthrowing King Mohammed Zahir … [CDATA[ During the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan, the government of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) reformed the education system; education was stressed for both sexes, and widespread literacy programmes were set up. Emblem of the Democratic Youth Organisation of Afghanistan.svg 233 × 252; 36 KB Political party that organized 1945–1946 revolt to form an autonomous republic for Kurds in Iran. [62] By 1979, only the most blatant opportunists would be willing to join the party; the party was at its nadir. The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) was formed in the period of constitutional reform in Afghanistan (1963 – 1973) during which parliamentary elections were held and political parties were allowed to organize. The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) (Persian: حزب دموکراتيک خلق افغانستان ‎‎, Hezb-e dimÅ«krātÄ©k-e khalq-e Afghānistān, Pashto: د افغانستان د خلق دموکراټیک ګوند ‎, Da Afghanistān da khalq dimukrātÄ«k gund) was a socialist party established on 1 January 1965. [41]. [46] In a 1978 party pamphlet, the PDPA described itself as "vanguard of the working class" and President Taraki as "experienced Marxist–Leninist". The Saur Revolution, also romanized Sowr Revolution, and alternatively called the April Revolution or April Coup, was a coup d'état led by the Soviet-backed People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) against the rule of Afghan President Mohammed Daoud Khan on 27–28 April 1978. [59], The PDPA had 5,000 to 7,000 members upon taking power. These roles included: doctors, nurses, and teachers. While relations were good at the beginning, Daoud began a major purge of leftist influence in the mid-1970s. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). [6] Taraki was invited to Moscow by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's International Department later that year. "People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan These new reforms were not well received by the majority of the Afghan population, particularly in rural areas; many Afghans saw them as un-Islamic and as a forced approach to Western culture in Afghan society. Taraki was the first secretary-general of the party's central committee, and Babrak Karmal was its first deputy secretary-general. It ruled Afghanistan until 1992, when its last president, Najibullah, resigned and Kabul was taken over by Islamic rebels. 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