Another crucial area of comparison for eastern and western philosophy is innate morality. In the West, the ego (regardless of the various ways in which theorists define it) is seen as central to identity and personality. The concept of self has gone through significant changes over the last 100 years. Take perhaps the most commonly noted, broad-brush feature of the Eastern conception of self: its relationality. PLAY. I ask questions about the individual and his or her role in the social construction process, by comparing Eastern and Western ideas about the concept of self. The world is becoming smaller and more united demands are made more unifying be it the life we live, values we emulate, and education we pursue. understanding the self If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. 5 Cultural Differences between East and West 1. Created by. By Brian Yan 10C Conclusion Personally I like Eastern Philosophy more because of its different approach on viewing certain ideas and how you need both sides of an idea in the answer. Self-Liberation Behavioural Ethics The Main Principles of Western Philosophy are: Feeling oneself as an element of the Divine Life is service (to God, money etc) Linear view of the universe and life, everything has a beginning and an end Self-dedication to the goal Eastern Philosopher: Abstract. A comparison of culture and philosophy between Eastern and Western societies. In other words, it assumes that we humans are… The most important commonality between Eastern and Western thought is an emphasis on constructing the self in relationship with others and exploring the dialectical relationships between self, culture, organization, and society. STUDY. Match. The concept of the self in Western psychology derives primarily from the work of Freud, Jung, and Rogers. It helps humans deal with human morality and concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice and crime. chencam000. Not all Chinese (or Westerners) think this way, but these are observed tendencies.. AND EASTERNTHOUGHT LESSON OBJECTIVES. There are cultural differences in self-consciousness: public self-consciousness may be higher in Eastern than in Western cultures. In Eastern philosophy, though, the self is often treated as an illusion. Heraclitus), in early Western philosophy a static view of reality was taken, with substance as the carrier of properties and the basis for identity of the self. Write. The recent incorporation of Eastern thought into the lexicon of Western psychology has resulted in expanded notions of what it means to be a Self and how At the end of this lesson, you should be able to: 1. The Individual. Differentiate the concept of self according to Western thought against Eastern/Oriental perspectives; 2. Predominantly, westerners colonize the mentality of all people across the globe which creates such unity in diversity. In a Platonic tradition, concepts were seen to entail universals, applying always and for ever. * Eastern philosophy is a group of philosophies and religions originating in Asia – China, India, Japan, Southeast Asia, and Arabic countries ** Through Christianity originated in Asia geographically, culturally it's considered to be a Western religion that originated in the Mediterranean region The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of Flashcards. 2 With notable exceptions (e.g. Difference between Western and Eastern definition of the "Self". In Western thought, people tend to answer affirmatively and think of the self as an entity separate from others. Spell. To some extent Western formulations of the self evidence a homunculus-like quality lacking in some Eastern conceptions, especially those derived from the Vijnanavada and Zen Buddhist traditions. • Eastern culture uses the spiritual and missionary approach of searching inside oneself for answers through meditation whereas western culture takes on a pragmatic and emotional approach in searching outside oneself through research and analysis. The western view of the ‘enduring self’ refers to the notion that “you are the same person you were earlier in your life. Eastern concepts of the ego differ from Western concepts. The Self in Western and Oriental/Eastern Thought. wikipediaABCIndividual freedom and the ability to stand on his own is expectedThe development of individualistic self begins after birth and is observed in the child-rearing practices of … Before we start inventing a new flavor of Buddhism to suit Western palettes, it is important to look closely at the implicit assumptions we are bringing to this project. Similarities and differences in society. 1 Comparative Foundations of Eastern and Western Thought Daniel Memmi UQAM Montreal, QC, Canada [email protected] Abstract: Modern science and technology originated in Western Europe within a specific culture, but they have now been adopted and developed by several Eastern countries as well. These concepts are a running thread through many eastern and western cultural differences. Alan Watts, the late British philosopher, proposed that there were two great myths of the self—myth here not used in the sense of something false, but rather as a way of interpreting oneself and one’s reality. Reviewed by Ruth Hagengruber, University of Paderborn, Germany This book presents a courageous analysis of the philosophical concept of the self and its marked influence on Western history and civilisation. Western and Eastern Educational Philosophies Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Test. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (38) Fiske, Kitayama, Markus, and Nisbett (1998) reported that people are shaped by their culture, and their culture is … The self is the most important intervening factor to come between phenomenal objects (other people, roles, and external things) and an individual's own behavior and action. THE SELF IN WESTERN. Such global phenomenon transforms a unique and ideal culture to a one-size-fits-all… The eastern and western philosophies are identical to a large extent and the critics only point out the small differences in the specific philosophy and wording. But caution please, folks. In Western psychology, this idea of the Self is directly connected with the ego, and most therapeutic interventions work to strengthen the ego as low self-esteem is corrected (Michalon, 2001). Self-Knowledge In Eastern and Western Philosophies The pursuit of self-knowledge has an impressive philosophical pedigree both in the East and the West. • Eastern culture believes that the key to success is through spiritual means. To some extent Western formulations of the self evidence a homunculus-like quality lacking in some Eastern conceptions, especially those derived from the Vijnanavada and Zen Buddhist traditions. Buddhism, by contrast, recognized no substance and saw reality not in terms of things but in Eastern Self/Western Self By Linda Heuman May 08, 2013. social construction process, by comparing Eastern and Western ideas about the concept of self. In Western society, the individual rules. It poses problems central to philosophy of mind, epistemology, phenomenology, psychology, and ethics. It is often suggested that contrasting Eastern vs. Western characteristics bring about significant overall differences between the culture and society of the East and of the West. From Eastern perspectives, however, the ego is a social fiction. Gravity. Comparison of Western and Oriental Thought is a book written by Sierran sociologist Mark Culler and published in 1904 which has been identified as the most influential book in Sierra, and one of the most important sociological books in the 20th century. Explain the concept of self as found in Asian thoughts; and 3. In contrast to the metaphysical, epistemological and psychological understandings of the self traditionally held and today still extensively considered in the West, the self in Confucianism is essentially an ethical concept, representing a holistic view of humanhood and a continuingly constructive process driven by self‐cultivation and moral orientations. The differences listed below are heavily stereotyped, generalized, and polarized. In analyzing a mythological work, a proper understanding of the nature of the self and its relation to the Cosmos is essential. In Search of the Self: Eastern versus Western Perspectives Derek C. Wolter Oglethorpe University, [email protected] Follow this and additional works at:https://digitalcommons.kennesaw.edu/ojur Part of theComparative Methodologies and Theories Commons,Religious Thought, Theology THE SELF IN WESTERN AND EASTERN THOUGHTUNDERSTANDING THE SELFSubmitted by : Sophia Joya & John Keneric Llamasindividualistic self?WHAT IS Individualistic culture encourages autonomy and self reliance. Since the 'discovery' of eastern philosophy by western explorers and scholars in the 18th and 19th centuries CE, there has been an arbitrary division maintained, especially in colleges and universities, between 'western philosophy' and 'eastern philosophy' as though these two systems present radically different views of the world. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Create a representation of the Filipino self. Aspect 1: Where Thinking Happens — Internally or Externally The Self in Western and Eastern Thoughts - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. To some extent Western formulations of the self evidence a homunculus-like quality lacking in some Eastern conceptions, especially those derived from the Vijnanavada and Zen Buddhist traditions. Start studying LESSON 5: THE SELF IN WESTERN AND EASTERN THOUGHT. Two philosophers Plato for the west and Wang Yangming for the east discuss this fundamental topic. The differences between Eastern and Western thought can be clearly seen in modern society, despite globalization and unifying influences. People frequently overestimate the extent to which others are paying attention to them and accurately understand their true intentions in public situations. For exaxmple i have learnt that Whereas in the West the self is understood primarily as an autonomous ego whose existence is distinct from that of others, in the East, it is often argued there is no meaning of self that is independent of our relations to others. Yozan Dirk Mosig University of Nebraska at Kearney Abstract The concept of the self in Western psychology derives primarily from the work of Freud, Jung, and Rogers. Ulrich Steinvorth, Rethinking the Western Understanding of the Self, Cambridge UP, 2009, 222pp., $26.99 (pbk) ISBN 9780521757072. Here are five cultural differences in thinking and perception between the East and West. Ethics is a branch of philosophy, also known as moral philosophy. If our understanding Learn. We in the West are quite concerned these days with how to make the dharma authentically Western. The term ‘self’ refers to an individual human being, along with their body, mind, and in some cases, the concept of a ‘soul’. 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