Demographic pressure on coastal lands and sea resources is increasing and so are pressures attributable to global change and globalization. Coastal development causes loss of semi-natural and natural land, destruction and fragmentation of coastal habitats, and is also related to increased erosion levels and increased discharge of diffuse pollution and marine litter to the marine environment. Dating tests indicate an increase in the sedimentation rate in recent years, due most likely to changing land use and climatic events affecting the canal watershed. were marked in 1994 for a growth study. As for example, Abedin et al. Analysis of the sedimentation at Rio Haina indicate peaks during periods of extreme weather events, for example, strong hurricanes that struck the area in 1940, 1945, 1979 and again in 1998. From 1995 onwards, a recovery program was implemented to reduce the effects of pollution. 4.1 Sustainable development in the context of flood and coastal erosion risk management requires an approach which delivers four outcomes: i) Maximises the … Port-au-Prince Bay acts as a natural harbour for Haiti's like-named capital city. Dictionary ! Needless to say, adapting to such an adverse salinity scenario remains highly imperative for coastal managers, policy planners, and coastal agricultural communities at large. Hurricanes' seasonal passage aggravates the situation, resulting in increased pollution load and heavy metals discharge into the marine environment. Additional cover of impervious surfaces and the growing population can increase the amount of stormwater runoff and can lead to an increase in nutrients, sediments, and toxic chemicals such as oils, greases, pesticides, and herbicides reaching seagrass beds. This represents a potential danger to public health from the consumption of marine organisms. Large colonies of D. clivosa, M. annularis, C. natans and M. cavernosa are dead on top due to abrasion caused by swimmers, who often rested upon them. Bananas have been grown in the area for over 100 years; it is an agricultural activity noted for its high dependence on agricultural chemicals and fertilizers and for increased cargo ship traffic to the local seaports. The CDS is the linchpin of the ICZM process, linking the CZPo to development programs and interventions. Increased traces of heavy metal pollution have also been detected, but this has been attributed more to increased sedimentation rather than the level of industrial activity. The bay in the coastal city of Puerto Cortes in Honduras is the site for its fuel and mineral storage industries, fertilizer plants and textile manufacturing. Promote strategies on waste prevention, management and marine litter to support sustainable coastal and maritime tourism. Artificial land uses like urban constructions, roads, airports, ports, and railways represent a significant percentage (1.95%) of the total land cover (Corine Land Cover, 2000). This major industry thus accounts for the bay's increased pollution by organic chemicals and hydrocarbons. This fisherman in Nicaragua relies upon clean water to catch fish that are safe for him and his family to eat. It provides a natural habitat for fish, crustaceans and marine species of great commercial interest. Huxham et al. More important are strategies to make these reports available - in full and concise form - to as wide an audience as possible. Each of these country reports stress that data on the trends in heavy metal and organic pollution gathered for the last 100 years will be a useful tool for decision makers in crafting strategies for sustainable coastal management. The number of visitors to Cahuita National Park increased dramatically between 1982 and 1991 (latest data available) (Bermúdez 1992). Coastal development impacts may be direct such as land filling, dredging, and coral and sand mining for construction, or indirect, such as increased runoff of sediment and pollutants (Reefresilience, 2016). However, eutrophication in aquatic environments can shift the competitive balance from seagrasses (dominant primary producers in low-nutrient conditions) to faster-growing primary producers. For example: The Bay of Cartagena is one of Colombia's major waterways. 53/1, 2011), IAEA Department of Nuclear Sciences and Applications, Division of Physical and Chemical Sciences, Joint FAO/IAEA Programme: Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, Soil and Water Mangement and Crop Nutrition Section (SWMCN), Sustainable Development of Coastal Waters. However, the water quality has badly degraded, and the surrounding area has deteriorated, thus reducing its environmental use and touristic attractiveness. Since the realization of climate change adversity and its predicted impacts, adaptation has occupied the central theme of agricultural sustainability because of the greater susceptibility and contribution to domestic production in the developing countries (Smit and Skinner 2002; Bradshaw et al., 2004). Kingston Harbour provides fishing, port and airport facilities for Jamaica. 10. The project on the sustainable management of the Caribbean Sea is scheduled for full completion in 2012. CNMI Sustainability Guide for Hospitality Industry – 2018 View this publication. The projection of recent mangrove loss trends over the next 20 years suggests a 43% loss of total forest extent over that time, whereas the restoration of the mangrove extent loss between 1992 and 2012 is still plausible. A-1400 Vienna, Austria They have lost up to 300 m perpendicular to the coast along 4.5 km, disappearing almost half the town. Strategies to further support Caribbean countries in developing and sustaining their individual capabilities for environmental monitoring and management should thereafter be developed to lend meaning to these valuable scientific results. Enhancing conservation and the sustainable use of ocean-based resources through international law will also help mitigate some of … First, it narrates the implications of unfavorable salinity scenarios in the study area and the adverse consequences in rice production following Cyclone Aila (2009). We strive to promote sustainable coasts through increased partnerships, conservation practices, scientific research and knowledge management for the benefit and well being of current and future generations. com. On average a person breaks 3.18 colonies of Porites porites and overturns 0.26 masses of the coralline algae Amphiroa fragilissima per day (Gove and Cortés unpubl. At the current rate of sedimentation, Honduras expects that the frequency and cost of dredging the harbour area may increase in the near future. Oceans, seas and coastal areas form an integrated and essential component of the Earth’s ecosystem and are critical to sustainable development. The country conducted its first studies to assess the extent of the contamination in the mid-90's. Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while simultaneously sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services on which the economy and society depend. Coastal development is defined as the human-induced change of the landscape within sight of the coastline. Urbanization and the development of tourism explain the importance of coastal development in the coastline of Greece, while at the same time the coasts have increased cultural and financial value. High nutrient availability leads to epiphyte overgrowth of seagrass leaves that directly block light from seagrass leaves (Frankovich & Zieman, 2005). This includes building structures that are on or near the coast in general for protection, commerce, communication, or recreation. The rate of sedimentation has tripled in Puerto Cortes in the last 50 years, and is expected to double its current rate in the next 20 years if left unchecked. Only one of the identified ICZM investment programs has entered the Government's Annual Development Programs; the Ministry of Land (MoL) began implementing coastal land zoning, an important element of the program. Dredging and filling of seagrass beds for construction leads directly to seagrass losses. There is a need for development alternatives that reduce ecosystem degradation. In the absence of proactive institutional leadership and because of the lack of national focus and funding, development partners have also changed their priorities. This information, including the trend of mercury pollution analyzed in the sediments, is the first-ever comprehensive results reported in the area. This is a premise of the sustainable development ideal. First launched in 2007 under an IAEA Technical Cooperation project(RLA/7012), the project involved taking sediment core samples in all 12 countries, and analysing these samples to determine the trend and history of pollution from heavy metals and organic contents for the last 100 years to support decision makers' appropriate environmental management decisions. However, rapid population growth in settlements around the lagoon, and increased activities in fishing, forestry, and agriculture are threatening the balance of this delicate ecosystem. It is anticipated that more shorelines will be replaced by seawalls to adapt to sea-level rise and to reduce coastal erosion. Higher levels of poly nuclear aromatic hydrocarbons have also been detected since the 1980s. The experts recommend a program of periodic checks, including measures to control the amount of urban and industrial going into Coatzacoalcos river and its tributaries. The following national institutes participated in theregional project for sustainable coastal management ofthe Caribbean: Vienna International Centre, PO Box 100 Leticia , in, The Coastal Marine Ecosystem of South Florida, United States, Kaiser, Collie, Hall, Jennings, & Poiner, 2002, Fourqurean, Boyer, Durako, Hefty, & Peterson, 2003, Nomiki Simboura, ... Panayotis Panayotidis, in, Urbanization and the development of tourism explain the importance of, Conservation of Blue Carbon Ecosystems for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation, Mangrove forests in Kenya are being degraded for timber, fuelwood, and, Past, present and future of the coral reefs of the Caribbean coast of Costa Rica, Tourist visitation to the Caribbean coast of Costa Rica, as well as, Protecting seagrass – approaches and methods. IDS 6240 - Sustainable Coastal Planning: Concepts and Principles (3) The course provides an overview of land use planning, introduces sustainable/smart growth principles and provide specific development concepts for coastal and waterfront communities. Equipment and training were provided under the project to strengthen the analytical capabilities of participating countries' scientific institutions. However, it is soil erosion and deforestation that has been identified as the main environmental problem in the Amatique Bay. Rajarshi DasGupta, ... Mrittika Basu, in Coastal Management, 2019. The results will be presented at an inter-governmentalmMeeting of the United Nations Environment Programme in the Caribbean for higher-level dissemination. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Its impact has been catastrophic for the bay's ecosystems, leading to the existing coral reefs' destruction, as well as of all sea grass. The Blue Economy is sustainable use of ocean resources for economic growth, improved livelihoods and jobs, while preserving the health of marine and coastal ecosystem. The combination of project redesign in response to EIS information and reactive environment management systems can provide enormous improvements to coastal seagrass protection. In 1994 and 1995, tourist were also observed collecting corals and reef organisms, increasing the destruction of the area. No Yes No Yes Yes Yes It is a hub for tourism, for fishing and for industry. The increase in average sediment accumulation rates is most likely a result of soil erosion caused by changes in land use to support industrial and urban development in this area. It builds on existing national sectoral strategies and plans and on the document on National Strategy for Accelerated Poverty Reduction. Central America's largest port - a hub for cargo vessels and luxury cruise ships - is also located along the bay. Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Sustainable Development Goal 14 (Goal 14 or SDG 14) is about "Life below water" and is one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015. The CDS emphasizes land zoning as an effective instrument to optimize the use of coastal lands (MoWR, 2005). Although industrial activity in Port-au-Prince Bay is limited, the generation of solid and liquid waste dumped into the bay - estimated at 1 500 tonnes per day - resulted in a steady increase of heavy metals in the water, particularly lead and mercury. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128104736000030, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128052761000065, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081008539000312, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128104736000133, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128104736000108, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128050682000218, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128050682000127, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444638939000289, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444513885500114, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780444508911500244, World Seas: an Environmental Evaluation (Second Edition), 2019, Coastal Development: Construction of a Public Policy for the Shores and Seas of Mexico, Norma Patricia Muñoz Sevilla, ... Alejandra Cortés Ruiz, in, World Seas: an Environmental Evaluation (Second Edition), Implication and Management of Coastal Salinity for Sustainable Community Livelihood: Case Study From the Indian Sundarban Delta☆, Integral Management of the Coastal Zone to Solve the Problems of Erosion in Las Glorias Beach, Guasave, Sinaloa, Mexico, Jiménez-IllescasÁngel R. Zayas-EsquerMa Magdalena Espinosa-CarreónT. Coastal development linked to human settlements, industry, aquaculture, or infrastructure can cause severe impacts on near-shore ecosystems, particularly coral reefs. Coastal and marine tourism alone accounts for 2% of Guatemala's gross domestic product; tourist visits have steadily increased through the years. (13.1%) and A. palmata (0.6%). Plans to reclaim more coastal shorelines and the merging of adjacent islands in the next decade have raised concerns that the coral reef would be at risk of further habitat destruction. Coastal zones are critical elements in the Earth system as a whole. Another source of contamination emanates from the settlements along the Bay of Almirante. It is further expected that the unfavorable soil and water salinity scenario will continue to be aggravated by a number of rapid and slow onset coastal hazards, led by climate change-induced sea level rise and rainfall variability in coastal regions (Knutson et al., 2010; Redfern et al., 2012; Dasgupta et al., 2014). The only coasts that show sand accumulation are those in which there are large rivers with an abundant sediment load. One of the colonies was approximately 2 m high by 2.3 m wide, and was considered the attraction of the deep dives there. Management and marine resources, play an essential role in human well-being and social and economic development communities.! Quotes Reference Spanish... Sustainable-development meaning that take snorklers and swimmers to coast. 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