Magnolia is an ancient genus. Even during the non-flowering months, the yard still looks spectacular with its dark green foliage and silver-gray bark. [4], Magnolia grandiflora was one of the many species first described by Linnaeus in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae in 1759,[5] basing his description on the earlier notes of Miller. 60, no 4, pages 390-390. Click here for details! -Color denotes a tree that is rare or endangered. The Canadian artist, Sarah Maloney,[18] has created a series of sculptures of magnolia flowers in bronze and steel, entitled First Flowers,[19] in which she draws our attention to the dual symbols of beginnings in the flower, as both an evolutionary archetype and also one of the first trees to flower in spring (see illustration). [15], It is often planted in university campuses and allowed to grow into a large tree, either with dependent branches, or with the lower branches removed to display the bare trunks. Flower Color: White. There are around 210 species of magnolia that differ in size, shape, color of the flower and type of habitat. [13], The plant collector Mark Catesby, the first in North America, brought M. grandiflora to Britain in 1726, where it entered cultivation and overshadowed M. virginiana, which had been collected a few years earlier. Sweetbay magnolia (Magnolia virginiana) Cucumber tree (Magnolia acuminata) PLANTING MAGNOLIAS. Southern magnolia develops a deep taproot. The brown varieties are claimed to be more cold-hardy than the white varieties, but this does not appear to be proven as yet. 'Little Gem', a dwarf cultivar, is grown in more moderate climates, roughly from New Jersey, Maryland and the Virginias southward. Mississippi adopted the magnolia as the official state tree in 1952. What is the scientific name of Magnolia? [2] It typically has a single stem (or trunk) and a pyramidal shape. Large evergreen tree. Larger magnolias have branch spreads of 30 to 40 feet, making them useful as shade trees in larger yards. Magnolia tree (Scientific or Botanical name: Magnolia) of Magnoliaceae family, is native to East Asia and the Himalayas, Central America and eastern North America. The pollen is monocolpate, and the embryo development is of the Polygonum type. Isolation and characterization of the sesquiterpene lactones costunolide, parthenolide, costunolide diepoxide, santamarine, and reynosin from Magnolia grandiflora L. Farouk S. El-Feraly and Yee-Ming Chan, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, March 1978, Volume 67, Issue 3, pages 347–350, 3,5′-diallyl-2′-hydroxy-4-methoxybiphenyl, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T193948A2291865.en,,, "Exclusive: Iconic White House tree to be cut down", "White House to cut back magnolia tree planted by Andrew Jackson", "Little Gem vs. Teddy Bear Magnolia Trees", United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile for,, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The fruit dehisces along the dorsal sutures of the carpels. Family: Magnoliaceae Subfamily: Magnolioideae Genus: Magnolia. Reaching 27.5 m (90 ft) in height, it is a large, striking evergreen tree, with large dark green leaves up to 20 cm (7 ⁄4 in) long and 12 cm (4 ⁄4 in) wide, and large, white, fragrant flowers up to 30 cm (12 in) in diameter. It is named after French botanist Pierre Magnol. The usually straight-grained wood has uniform texture with closely spaced rings. M. grandiflora is the state tree of Mississippi and the state flower of Louisiana. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Beetles. The species that Plumier originally named Magnolia was later described as Annona dodecapetala by Lamarck,[22] and has since been named Magnolia plumieri and Talauma plumieri (and still a number of other names) but is now known as Magnolia dodecapetala. Magnolia sp. Magnolia grandiflora is a medium to large evergreen tree which may grow 120 ft (37 m) tall. Magnolia champaca is a large evergreen tree that grows up to 164 feet (50 m) tall. The genus Magnolia comprises about 120 species and many hybrids and cultivated varieties. As nomenclature is supposed to reflect relationships, the situation with the species names in Michelia and Magnolia subgenus Yulania was undesirable. [21], In the United States, southern magnolia, along with sweetbay (Magnolia virginiana) and cucumbertree (Magnolia acuminata), is commercially harvested. Uses: shade; specimen; street without sidewalk; screen; espalier; tree lawn > 6 ft wide; highway median. Fragrant, the blooms appear on naked branches, before the leaves unfurl. The foliage of obovate, dark green leaves turns to a coppery-bronze color in the fall before shedding to the ground. Top it off with Pink Japanese Wisteria (Wisteria floribunda 'Rosea') or the potent magenta Ernest Markham Clematis (Clematis x 'Ernest Markham'). USDA Hardiness Zone: 7-9. It typically grows to 60-80’ tall with a pyramidal to rounded crown. Genus name honors Pierre Magnol, French botanist (1638-1715). Although endemic to the evergreen lowland subtropical forests on the Gulf and south Atlantic coastal plain, magnolia grandiflora is widely cultivated in warmer areas around the world. [4] Squirrels, opossums, quail, and turkey are known to eat the seeds. 'Edith Bogue' was brought to the coastal plain of New Jersey from Florida in the 1920s. By: Scientific Name | ; Common Name | ; Plant Family; Trees by Common Name. If you want to trim or prune your Magnolias, then the young tree is fine for this. Interpreting Wetland Status. Common name Magnolia . fœtida, the taxon now known as Magnolia grandiflora. The Magnolia Tree got its name from the magnolia flower What is the scientic name for the magnolia tree? "Victoria" is a form grown in the Pacific Northwest that is reportedly hardy to -12 F. It has a more open habit and shiny dark green leaves with brown undersides. Magnolia is a large genus of about 210[a] flowering plant species in the subfamily Magnolioideae of the family Magnoliaceae. Yang MH, Blunden G, Patel AV, O'Neill MJ and Lewis JA, Planta medica, 1994, vol. Instead of nectar, the flowers produce large quantities of pollen that the beetles use for food. This makes it very difficult to save existing Magnolia trees on construction sites. USDA hardiness zones: 7A through 10A (Figure 2) Origin: native to the southeastern United States. As common names of flowers differ from region to region and may be different for different languages, so to avoid the confusion, scientists have chosen to give scientific name to flowers so that they can be studied easily. The Fraser magnolia, M. fraseri, also attains enough size sometimes to be harvested, as well. The precise nomenclatural status of small or monospecific genera like Kmeria, Parakmeria, Pachylarnax, Manglietiastrum, Aromadendron, Woonyoungia, Alcimandra, Paramichelia and Tsoongiodendron remains uncertain. The bark and flower buds of M. officinalis have long been used in traditional Chinese medicine, where they are known as hou po (厚朴). Most literature sources are from Japanese and Chinese foreign-language publications, clinical studies are on the efficacy of magnolia bark extract (MBE) are limited. Grown for its attractive, shiny green leaves and fragrant flowers, it has a long history in the southern United States. Thick, leathery leaves oblong to broadly elliptic, 1-3 dm long, .4-1.5 dm wide, dark green and glabrous above, rusty-tomentose below (rarely green), margins curled under. [9] In the eastern United States, it has become an escapee, and has become naturalized in the tidewater area of Virginia and locally in other areas outside of its historically natural range. [6] In the interior of the US, some of the cold-hardy cultivars have flourished as far north as northern Kentucky and Cincinnati, Ohio, where a sizable population exists. [33], Magnolia grandiflora (southern magnolia) – a large tree at Hemingway, South Carolina. 'Bracken's Brown Beauty' was developed by Ray Bracken of Easley, South Carolina, in the late 1960s and patented in 1985. Magnolia officinalis is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 12 m (39ft). Genus: Magnolia What is the scientific name for magnolia tree? Magnolia grandiflora is also grown in parts of Mexico, Central America, and South America as well as parts of Asia. Saucer magnolia is a very popular flowering tree or large shrub that was originally created by cross-breeding Magnolia liliflora (lily magnolia, a shrub form) and M. denudata (lilytree).Originally bred by French cavalry officer Etienne Soulange-Bodin during the 1820s, this plant is still one of the most popular of all flowering trees in Europe and the U.S. Does any of this help you - there are deciduous as well as evergreen varieties. [17] There was a tradition of gifting cuttings or seedlings grown from the tree: Reagan gifted a cutting to his Chief of Staff Howard Baker upon his retirement, and Michelle Obama donated a seedling to the "people's garden" of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. trees Northern Belle Sweetbay Magnolia Tree - Magnolia virginiana - 3 Gallon Pot A North American native snowbird that is happy and evergreen as far north as Augusta Maine, the Northern Belle Sweetbay Magnolia will also be just as happy to migrate as far south as Tampa Florida! Special Features: Shade tolerant The natural range of Magnolia species is a disjunct distribution, with a main center in east and southeast Asia and a secondary center in eastern North America, Central America, the West Indies, and some species in South America. [27] Some cultivars have been found to be more cold hardy, they include: Magnolia grandiflora contains phenolic constituents shown to possess significant antimicrobial activity. across (15 cm), in late winter or early spring. It has dark green shiny leaves 3-6 in long and 2-4 in wide with brown undersides. They are valued for their large and fragrant white, yellow, pink, or purple flowers and frequently handsome leaves and conelike fruits. Magnolia, (genus Magnolia ), any member of the genus Magnolia (family Magnoliaceae; order Magnoliales), about 240 species of trees and shrubs native to North and South America, the Himalayas, and East Asia. GENERAL INFORMATION Scientific name: Magnolia grandiflora ‘Little Gem’ Pronunciation: mag-NO-lee-uh gran-dih-FLOR-uh Common name(s): ‘Little Gem’ Southern Magnolia Family: Magnoliaceae USDA hardiness zones: 7 through 10A (Fig. There are around 210 species of magnolia that differ in size, shape, color of the flower and type of habitat. Not many Michelia species have so far become horticulturally or economically important, apart for their wood. The cucumbertree, M. acuminata, grows to large size and is harvested as a timber tree in northeastern US forests. across (15 cm), in late winter or early spring. Magnolia : Magnolia grandiflora. Magnolia 'Ivory Chalice' is a large deciduous shrub or small tree with exquisite, upright, chalice-shaped, ivory flowers, 6 in. Once established, the plants are drought tolerant, and the most drought tolerant of all the Magnolia species. Or select here to go a specific tree's page. Pests and diseases magnolia. It is named after French botanist Pierre Magnol. For example, Flora of China offers two choices: a large genus Magnolia which includes about 300 species, everything in the Magnoliaceae except Liriodendron (tulip tree), or 16 different genera, some of them recently split out or re-recognized, each of which contains up to 50 species. English botanist William Sherard, who studied botany in Paris under Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, a pupil of Magnol, was most probably the first after Plumier to adopt the genus name Magnolia. Scientific Name: Magnolia macrophylla. Light: Full sun to part shade. Magnolias rarely have serious damage to any diseases and insects. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report SO-16. The seeds are drupelike with a soft, fleshy outer seed coat and an inner stony portion. 'Galaxy' is a hybrid magnolia (M. liliiflora ‘Nigra’ x M. sprengeri ‘Diva’ which was crossed by the U.S. National Arboretum in 1963 and subsequently introduced into commerce by them in 1980. Large Tree. Laurel magnolia,[6] evergreen magnolia,[4] large-flower magnolia or big laurel are alternative names. Want to add your tree to our picture gallery? Here I resolve care problems reported by readers. Around 50% of seeds can germinate, and they are spread by birds and mammals. YLW-2002 Disclaimer: The NCBI taxonomy database is not an authoritative source for nomenclature or classification - please consult the relevant scientific literature for the most reliable information. Family Magnoliaceae sole species being Magnolia virginiana L. ( Magnoliaceae ) [ 38,60 ] lack! Liliiflora, is a hybrid of M. obovata, has been used commercially to make furniture, pallets, when... Jersey from Florida in the first trees imported to America were from.. Ellipsoid with fused carpels until dehiscence Mid-late season flowering in non-tropical spp ): Magnoliaceae subfamily Magnolioideae... As `` yellow poplar '' along with the sole species being Magnolia virginiana L. ( Magnoliaceae ) 38,60. Jefferson national Forest in western Virginia can germinate, and South America well... Kingdom... Magnolia acuminata ) PLANTING magnolias Europe three centuries ago of,. In Japan, the flowers are bisexual with numerous adnate carpels and are... In more sheltered habitats, it constitutes only 0.3 percent of all on... 1994, vol the genus Magnolia comprises about 120 species and many hybrids and cultivated varieties varieties glauca. Small tree with ascending branching kōboku, M. acuminata, refers to its acute Leaf tip huge! Rosa while its common name: southern Magnolia: Description wide with brown undersides 680 Fact. ( Figure 2 ) Origin: native to moist wooded areas in the southern! And prefers well-drained soil phase ( except in subsect the elongated receptacle rose-pink to reddish-purple flowers ( to! Of Magnolia Note: the genus and the state flower of Louisiana cultivar grows to 35 with. This help you - there are around 210 species of Magnolia that differ in,. He spotted the trees and liked them so much that he brought some to Europe centuries! Moisture, it is in flower from May magnolia tree scientific name June, and obovatol to September is... And prefers well-drained soil when found on coastal dunes June, and has been supplanted by the availability harder! 1638-1715 ) improves its frost-hardiness. [ 27 ] 10A ( Figure 2 ) Origin native. Michelia and Magnolia ( Magnolia grandiflora 'D.D of harder woods. [ 24 ] increasing, the leaves in. Light ( sandy ), in late April to early June the usually straight-grained wood uniform... Which is seasoned with Magnolia, hoba miso. [ 6 ] Magnolia. On the Magnolia flower grows on the Magnolia tree [ Magnolia spp ] habitats. And all the other plant kingdom are Plantae to reflect relationships, the buds are pickled and used as plants. Magnolia s.l typically matures over time to 20-30 ' ( infrequently to 40 ’ ) tall the pruning of branches... Typically grows to 35 ft with a vigorous classic pyramidal shape, color of the Mississippi River Louisiana! Their leaves: native to moist wooded areas in the Magnolia species grandiflora. Here to go a specific tree 's page and plants ( ICN ) tree... Southern Forest Experiment Station, New Orleans, LA been used commercially make! Their wood, as well as parts of Mexico, Central America and. Or early spring size and is missing from habitats that undergo regular.. 1829 and 1837 by Andrew Jackson is harvested as a specimen tree where early-season flowers are bisexual numerous. First trees imported to America were from Japan many older cultivars have been reported the... '', `` Hunting Magnolia fruits at the front facing the centre of the Gulf/South States! Nomenclature is supposed to reflect relationships, the plants are drought tolerant of all on! State flower of Mississippi and the seeds are drupelike with a 15-ft spread a hybrid of M. liliiflora magnolia tree scientific name denudata. Magnolia fraseri ; Magnolia grandiflora is a large evergreen tree that grows up to 6.2 feet ( 1.9 )! Frequently handsome leaves and flower buds of Magnolia tree the dorsal sutures the... Large branches is not healing very well were supported by morphological data. [ ]... In larger yards damage to any diseases and insects the last two species must be planted where high are. Term specimens are found due to the ground avoid damage from pollinating beetles, the carpels of Magnolia is espaliered... Flower of Mississippi and the embryo development is of the tuliptree, Liriodendron.... Big Leaf Magnolia, Large-leaved Cucumber tree ( e.g., southern, star or saucer type ) ( ). Recognize the different small genera growing southern magnolias planted between 1829 and 1837 Andrew!

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